Main hypothesis of this pilot project is that the decrease in environmental quality (expressed as air quality) contributes significantly to the increased migration of population from cities to suburbs or areas adjacent to cities.
By-product of this pilot will be the air quality projection for the area of interest, which is not available now.
The Czech regional Pilot will put the city into a sub-urban and regional context, assessing how the city interacts with its surroundings and vice versa. The area of interest covers an area of 150x150km around the City of Prague and constitutes the Prague catchment area.
Movements pressure environment
Prague has lost 5% of its inhabitants during the last 15 years as they have moved out especially to the Central Bohemia region, creating a huge pressure on the environment.
Any change in quality of life in the region may have as a consequence a new population migration (obviously “bed migration”, i.e. people move to live outside Prague but their jobs or other day-to-day activities like education remain in Prague and cars are the predominant way of daily transport).
Urban sprawl and population movement to suburbs are the two major threats in Central Bohemia. Subsequently, this urban sprawl generates increased traffic with negative influence on air quality, which has been chosen as the main indicator of environmental quality for this Pilot project.
Quality of life in the Czech Republic today is heavily influenced by high concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and ground level ozone. A future temperature rise may change for the worse the air pollution levels, with a substantial impact on health and life quality for Czech citizens as a consequence.